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  • Christophe Nocher

How Digital Product Passports Are Redefining Consumer Behavior and Sustainability in the EU

In a landmark move toward sustainability and circular economy, the European Commission unveiled a package of legislative measures on March 30, 2022, that promises to revolutionize the way products are made, used, and recycled within the EU. At the heart of this initiative is the Digital Product Passport (DPP), a concept that could change consumer behavior forever.

Digital product passport in Europe
Digital product passport in Europe

The Genesis of Digital Product Passports: Digital Product Passports are not just a legislative requirement; they are a beacon of the European Green Deal and the Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP). Aimed at making physical goods more sustainable, circular, and energy-efficient, DPPs are set to become a standard across industries, from construction to fashion. The European Commission's proposal (source) highlights the DPP's role in providing a comprehensive inventory of materials and components, aiming to enhance product sustainability throughout their life cycle.

Why Digital Product Passports Matter: DPPs promise a future where consumers are no longer in the dark about the products they purchase. By offering detailed information on materials, components, and the presence of harmful substances, DPPs empower consumers to make informed decisions. This increased transparency is not just about choosing safer products; it's about fostering a culture of reuse and recycling, pivotal for the transition to a circular economy. A study by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation (source) underscores the importance of such transparency for circularity, suggesting that informed consumers are more likely to support sustainable practices.

France Takes the Lead: France, in its characteristic avant-garde approach to environmental issues, has already started implementing regulations that align with the DPP's objectives. The French Decree-Law 2022-748 mandates manufacturers and importers to disclose environmental characteristics of their products, setting a precedent for transparency (source). This move not only underscores France's commitment to sustainability but also signals the impending widespread adoption of DPPs across Europe.

The Impact on Consumer Behavior: The introduction of DPPs is expected to create a new wave of consumer behavior focused on sustainability. With access to detailed product information, consumers are likely to become more discerning, choosing products that not only meet their needs but also align with their values. This shift towards informed purchasing can significantly impact manufacturers' approaches to product design, manufacturing, and marketing, encouraging them to prioritize sustainability in their operations.

Looking Ahead: The digital product passport represents a pivotal shift in the relationship between consumers and products in the EU. As we stand on the brink of this new era, the potential for positive change is immense. Manufacturers, consumers, and the environment stand to benefit from the increased transparency, sustainability, and circularity that DPPs promise.

For brands and consumers alike, the future is not just digital; it's sustainable. As we navigate this transition, staying informed and adaptable is key to leveraging the opportunities that digital product passports bring.


The Digital Product Passport initiative by the European Commission marks a significant step towards a sustainable and circular economy, setting new standards for consumer behavior across industries. By empowering consumers with vital information about the products they use, the EU is not only addressing environmental challenges but also paving the way for a more sustainable future.

As the adoption of DPPs gains momentum, staying ahead of these changes will be crucial for brands aiming to lead in sustainability and consumer engagement in the coming years.

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